Describe the structure (macro and micro) and location of taste buds. Identify locations of other chemoreceptors involved in gustation (taste).
Explain why identification of bitter-tasting substances is important for herbivores.
Describe the structure (macro and micro) and location of olfactory receptors, bulb, and CN I.
Describe what a pheromone is and explain the role of pheromones in animal communication. Provide examples.
Identify the location and function of the parts of the ear (i.e., external, middle, and inner).
Describe the path of sound waves from the external environment, through various structures, to the cochlea. Describe the structures and processes involved to convert sound waves into auditory impulses.
Describe otitis, including what causes it, predisposing factors, how diagnosed. Explain how otitis can lead to aural hematomas.
Describe the structures and processes that contribute to the sense of balance. Compare and contrast these structures to those involved in the sense of hearing.
Describe the conditions that lead to motion sickness.
Identify parts of the ear and eye using models and preserved specimens (eye only). Understand the function of each structure. Identify structures that have disorders commonly associated with them (e.g, corneal ulcers due to entropion).
State the purpose, materials needed, and steps to perform a Schirmer tear test and fluorescein dye test. Note which of the two tests to perform first and why.